Arab League Belgique Luxembourg English - UK English - Ireland Romania Brasil México Deutsch Portuguese Suisse English - US Italiano Español Français

Ayurvedic Medicine was practiced in India in the last five thousand years, this medicine (that means "science of life") include  system that combines natural therapies with a highly personalized approach to the treatment of disease. Ayurvedic medicine places equal emphasis on body, mind, and spirit, and strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual, "conditio sine qua non" for the global healing.

"Individual Constitution "(Prakryti) is the Ayurvedic medicine keystone, and once identified it's possible to know the personal sketch , the strength and the sensitively of a person to fall ill.

You too, You can know your  prakryti, for information only using the relative table

Ayurvedic medicine is founded on the concept of metabolic body types, or Dosha, the three metabolic body types are known as  Vata, Pittaand Kapha

The VATA type

The main character of Vata is changeability. Unpredictability and variability in size, shape, mood, and actions, it is the vata trademark. Vata is usually: slender with prominent features, joints, and veins, with cool, dry skin. Moody, enthusiastic, imaginative, and impulsive, vata is quick to grasp and sleep erratically and are prone to anxiety, insomnia, premenstrual syndrome, and constipation. Vata energy fluctuates, with jagged peaks and valleys

The PITTA type

Pitta is relatively predictable.  Pitta is medium build, strength, and endurance. Pitta is well proportioned and easily maintains a stable weight. , freckles, and a ruddy complexion. Pitta type haves a quick, articulate, biting intelligence, and can be critical or passionate with short, explosive  fit of tempers. Efficient and moderate in daily habits, the pitta type eats and sleeps regularly, eating three meals a day and sleeping eight hours at night. Pitta types  are perspire heavily and are warm and often thirsty. They suffer from acne, ulcers, hemorrhoids, and stomach ailments

The KAPHA type

The main character of Kaphais relaxed. Kapha  is solid, heavy, and strong. With a tendency to be overweight, kapha has slow digestion and somewhat oily hair, and cool, damp, pale skin. Everything kapha is slow, slow to anger, slow to eat, slow to act. They sleep long and heavily. Kapha types are often procrastinate and  obstinate. A kapha body type will be prone to high cholesterol, obesity, allergies, and sinus problems

A lot of people have a constitution , where It's possible to find two or three  dosha (for example vata-pitta or pitta-vata), rarely there's only one  dosha.

When  dosha are in balance and in harmony with constitution, the result is a vibrant  health with  precious energy level. But when this  delicate balance is troubled, the body  become  sensitive to the external "stressors", as virus, bacteria, too much work , no correct alimentation. The imbalance  in  dosha is the first  sign that  spirit, mind and body are not in perfect coordination. A no correct  alimentation, will cause an agni alteration  (gastric fire ), so the no correct digestion of  food  with  formation of toxins (ama). Too much  ama cause the disease.

For  Ayurvedic Medicine , alimentation will has to be in harmony with the   individual constitution (Prakryti)

For a  vata  is beneficial a sweet, salt and sour food, for  pitta is right those sweet, bitter and  astringent, instead for  kapha metabolic type it would be better to choice a   pungent , bitter and astringent food.

The season  and the rhythm circadiano too (in 24 hours) are considered in  ayurveda, so  advices  dieticians are  often prescribed with this perspective clear  in mind.


Ayurvedic M.D.  put  special attention to the pulse, tongue, face, eyes, and nails. Ayurvedic M.D. describe three distinct types of pulses radial : vata, pitta e kapha, with six different pulsation  for arms, three deep and three superficial , where it's possible to perceive the strength ,the vitality and the normal  physiologic  tone of specific organs . Towards the observation of tongue surface and watching the different  discoloration and/or  print of particular  areas ,  ayurvedic M.D.  can have information about internal organs functional  status. Collecting urine at morning after  the first  urine jet  and  watching the colour, ayurvedic M.D. can help him self   dosha  imbalance diagnosis. A blackish-brown colour indicates a vata disorder  , dark yellow, an  imbalance pitta . If the urine is cloudy, there is a kapha  disorder  (interview  to   Enzo DI MAIO M.D. on "FOCUS" Italian Magazine n. 80 , June  1999, Mondadori).


Ayurvedic medicine think that the most important thing is  to restore health, after having understand and correctly diagnose the disease or body imbalance. After diagnosis, there are four ways to  treat a pathology for Ayurvedic Medicine:

Shodan (Cleansing and Detoxifying)

Shaman (Palliation)

Rasayana (to become Younger )

Satvajaya  (Mental Hygiene and Spiritual Healing)







Shodan ( Cleansing and Detoxifying)

Cleaning  in Ayurvedic medicine has to leave  toxins in the  stomach , in the nose , in the intestine , etc. The purifying technique are  to vomit , of  purgative,  giving blood e and nasal shower, called  pancha karma,  are often used by Ayurvedic  physicians to remove toxins (ama) from different areas of the body. In Ayurvedic medicine, toxins are considered the root of disease, and often the result of undigested, unabsorbed, and unassimilated food.

In preparation for cleaning, a Ayurvedic M.D. advices an herbal-oil massage performed. The oil is a liquid form  that is well absorbed through the skin. Once in the system, it can pick up various toxins such as pesticides, as well as viruses and bacteria. These toxins are eventually disposed of through normal channels of elimination, represented in the traditional Chinese medicine (interview to  Enzo DI MAIO M.D.  on the "Silhouette donna" Italian Magazine 8th year  n.11  November 2001, 3D Editorial and interview to  Enzo DI MAIO M.D.  on   "Grazia" Italian Magazine n. 14 10th   April 2001, Mondadori).

Ghee  (clarified butter) and yogurt buttermilk are used to re-establish intestinal flora, especially if it has been washed away during the cleansing process.

Shaman (Palliation)

The next step in Ayurvedic disease management is palliation, or shaman, used to balance and pacify the bodily dosha . Shaman focuses more on the spiritual dimension of healing, and uses a combination of herbs, fasting, chanting, yoga stretches, breathing exercise, meditation, and lying in the sun for a limited time. These techniques are useful for people with dysfunctional immune systems, or for those who are too ill or emotionally weak to undergo the more strenuous forms of physical cleansing noted in pancha karma. Because of its curative and preventative aspects, shaman  can also be utilized by the healthy person. Like all enlightened healing methods, Ayurveda emphasizes prevention above curing disease.

One method of shaman, called "joking with  fire", is absolutely necessary in kapha and vata disorders with patients who have low gastric fire (agni).. The patient consumes honey with certain herbs like pippili (long pepper), ginger, cinnamon, and black pepper. (This should be done cautiously with pitta people, however).

Rasayana (to become Younger)

After the cleaning regime, an invigoration  program called rasayana begins. Invigoration means enhancing the body’s inherent ability to function, and rasayana is similar to a physiological tune up. It is used to restore virility and vitality to the reproductive system, countering sterility and infertility, bringing forth healthier progeny improving sexual performance. In addiction, it is said that rasayana extends longevity by slowing down the biological clock and retarding the aging process.

Ayurvedic medicine uses three subcategories of rasayana treatments to rejuvenate and restore the body’s tissues and organs: special herbs prepared as pills, powders, jellies, and tablets; mineral preparations specific to a person’s condition and dosha ; exercises, specifically, yoga positions, breathing exercises (pranayama).

Satvajaya (Mental Hygiene and Spiritual Healing)

Satvajaya , is a method of improving the mind to reach a higher level of spiritual/mental functioning, and is accomplished through the release of psychological "stress", emotional "distress", and unconscious negative beliefs.

The categories of satvajaya include mantra or sound therapy to change the vibratory patterns of the mind; yantra, or concentrating on geometric figures to take the mind out of ordinary modes of thinking; tantra  , to direct energies through the body; meditation, to alter states of consciousness; and gems, metals, and crystals.

"Satvajaya can decondition the mind so we can see things fresh, like with the eyes of a child. "satvajaya techniques rid us of negative emotions, thought patterns, and prejudices that may weight us down like undigested food."


Dr. Enzo DI MAIO

This article has been written with the scientific collaboration of Dr. Enzo DI MAIO, that from more than 30 years pratices successfully these methods.
For another informations you can call us at the numbers that you find at the end of the page

We thank both Encyclopedia De Agostini "Omnia 2002", and Encyclopedia De Agostini "Omnia 2003", for the Quotes and Links only at this WebSite,
on Second Volumes(2002 , 2003 and followings) dedicated to the Medicine, to
and Arthritis



in the World

U.K. (London)
Svizzera (Ginevra)
France (Paris)
España (Madrid)
Mexico (Monterrey)
U.S.A. (Manhattan)
U.S.A. (Miami)
U.S./Canada (Toll Free)
Ireland (Dublin)
Colombia (Toll Free)
Brasil (São Paulo)
Venezuela (Caracas)
Argentina (Buenos Aires)

Cure Skin Alopecia Candida Ayurvedic Medicine Interviews

  Psoriasis and Photos   Areata Alopecia   Candida Man   What is?   to Dr. DI MAIO about Psoriasis
  Seborrheic Dermatitis   Androgenetic Alopecia   Candida Woman   Interview RAI   to Dr. DI MAIO about Candida
  Atopic Dermatitis   Interview to Dr. DI MAIO   Intestinal Candida   Constitution Test   to Dr. DI MAIO about Baldness
  Contact Dermatitis   Alopecia Man   Genital Candida   Preliminary Tests   to Dr. DI MAIO
  Lichen   Alopecia Woman   Irritable Bowel   Lose Weight & Ayurveda   to Dr. DI MAIO on RAI 3
  Acne   Clinical Trial about Alopecia   Recurrent Cystitis   Reiky   Dr. DI MAIO's Method
  Eczema Arthritis Woman   Kinesiology Clinical Trials  
  Erythema Baby   Psoriatic Arthritis   Menopause   Flowers of Bach   Clinical Study about Psoriasis Dr.  Enzo DI MAIO
  Herpes   Rrheumatoid Arthritis   Dyspareunia   Diabetes I and II   Certifications in Spain
  Psoriatic Arthritis     Painful Sexual Intercourses   Metabolic Syndrome   Certifications in Brazil
  Photos Psoriasis         Panic Attacks- DSP   Clinical Study about Alopecia
  Treatment Psoriasis              
  Clinical Trial about Psoriasis              
Personal Protocols Dietary Advice Shivax® Store Showroom Franchising Shivax® Store
Where we are Specialist Medical Center Products Site Map How to Shop Shivax®
          Facebook Enzo Di Maio

Send an E-Mail to for questions or comments on this Website

Shivax International Ltd , 145 - 147 St. John Street EC1V 4PW London UK Register Number 07192591
London UK, from other country +44.2035298053 and +44.02035298053 from UK

© C o p y r i g h t   1 9 9 5   -   A l l   R i g h t s   R e s e r v e d


Iwata, K.; Yamamoto, Y. Glycoprotein Toxins Produced by Candida albicans. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Mycoses, PAHO Scientific Publication #356, June 1977.
Quiralte, J.; Blanco, C.; Esparaza, R.; Castillo, R. Carrillo, T. Nasal Candidiasis in an Immunocompetent Patient. Allergologia et Immunopathologia. 21(6):227-8, 1993 Nov.-Dec.
Magnavita, N. Mucocutaneous candidiasis in exposure to biological agents: a clinical case. Medicina del Lavoro. 84(3):243-8, 1993 May-Jun. (in Italiano)
Gutierrez, J.; Maroto, C.; Piedrola, G.; Martin, E.; Perez, JA. Circulating Candida antigens and antibodies: useful markers of candidemia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 31(9):2550-2, 1993 Sep.
Walsh, TJ.; Lee, JW.; Sien, T.; Schaufele, R.; Bacher, J.; Switchenko, AC.; Goodman, TC.; Pizzo, PA. Serum D-arabinitol measured by automated quantitative enzymatic assay for detection and therapeutic monitoring of experimental disseminated candidiasis: correlation with tissue concentrations of Candida albicans. Journal of Medical & Veterinary Mycology. 32(3):205-15, 1994.
Switchenko, AC. Miyada, CG. Goodman, TC. Walsh, TJ. Wong, B. Becker, MJ Ullman, EF. An automated enzymatic method for measurement of D-arabinitol, a metabolite of pathogenic Candida species. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 32(1):92-7, 1994 Jan.
Hussain, G.; Galahuddin, N.; Ahmad, I.; Galahuddin, I.; Jooma, R. Rhinocerebral invasive mycosis: occurrence in immunocompetent individuals. European Journal of Radiology. 20(2):151-5, 1995 Jul.
Cater, RE., 2nd Chronic candidiasis as a possible etiological factor in the chronic fatigue syndrome. Medical Hypotheses. 44(0):507-15 Jun. 1995
Crook, WG. The Yeast Connection Professional Books, Jackson Tennessee
Crook, WG. The Yeast Connection and the Woman. Professional Books, Jackson Tennessee
Di Maio E, M.D. Ayurveda contro i disturbi della donna. Silhouette, 3D Editoriale, Anno 5°, Numero 4, Aprile 1998, Milano .
Di Maio E, M.D. Reiki, Ayurveda, alimentazione ed altro. Puntoluce, Anno 11°, Numero 41, Primavera 1998, Milano.
Di Maio E, M.D. Rivista Mensile "FOCUS" n. 80 del Giugno 1999, Mondadori
Di Maio E., M.D. Rivista Settimanale "GRAZIA" n. 14 del 10  Aprile 2001, Mondadori
Di Maio E, M.D. Come diagnosticare le infezioni da Candida albicans. Polizia Sanitaria, DCB, Anno 12°, Numero 75, 2004, Milano
Widder, RA.; Bartz-Schmidt, KU.; Geyer, IL.; Brunner, R.; Kirchhof, B.; Donike, M.; Ileinmann, K. Candida albicans endophthalmitis after anabolic steroid abuse (letter). Lancet. 345(8945):330-1, 1995 Feb 4.
Ross, VE.; Baxter, DL. Widespread Candida Folliculitis in a Nontoxic Patient. Cutis. 49(1):241-243, 1992 April.
Cater, RE. Somatization disorder and the chronic candidiasis syndrome: a possible overlap. Medical Hypotheses. 35:126-135, 1991.
Kroker, GF. Chronic Candidiasis and Allergy. In: Brosteff J.; Challacombe SJ.;eds. Food Allergy and Intolerance. London:Baillierre Tindall, 1989: ch. 49.
Kirkpatrick, CH.; Smith, TK. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis: immunologic and antibiotic therapy. Annals of Internal Medicaine. 80: 310-320, 1974.
Dismukes, WE., Way, JS., Lee, JY., Dockery, B.K., Hain, J.D., A randomized double-blind trial of nystatin therapy for the candidiasis hypersensitivity syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 323:1717-23, 1990.
Bennett, JE. Searching for the yeast connection. New England Journal of Medicine. 323:1766-67, 1990.
Zwerling, MH., Owens, KN., Ruth, NH. Think yeast-the expanding spectrum of candidiasis. Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association. 80:454-456, 1984.
Mangani V.,Panfili A., Candida l'epidemia silenziosa:allergia al XX secolo? ed.Tecniche Nuove 1996.
Mangani V.,Panfili A.,La dieta ph ed.       Tecniche Nuove 1997.
Panfili A., Medicina Ortomolecolare.ed Tecniche Nuove 1994
Truss, CO. The role of candida albicans in human illness. Journal of Orthomolecular Psychology. 10:228-238, 1981.
Truss, CO. Tissue injury induced by candida albicans. Journal of Orthomolecular Psychology. 7(1)
Truss, CO. Restoration of immunologic competence to candida albicans. Journal of Orthomolecular Psychology. 9(4)
Truss, CO. Metabolic abnormalities in patients with chronic candidiasis: the acetaldehyde hypothesis. Journal of Orthomolecular Psychology. 13(2):66-93
Bodey, G., Fainstein, V., Garcia, I., Rosenbaum, B., Wong, Y. Effect of broad-spectrum cephalosporins on the microbial flora of recipients. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 148:892-897, 1983.
Giuliano, M., Barza, M., Jacobus, N., Gorbach, S. Effect of broad spectrum antibiotics on composition of intestinal microflora of humans. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 202-206, 1987.
Gracey, M., Burke, V., Thomas, J. Stone, D. Effect of microorganisms isolated from the upper gut of malnourished children on intestinal sugar absorption in vivo The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 28:841-845, 1975.
Eras, P., Goldstein, M., Sherlock, P. Candida infection of the gastrointestinal tract. Medicine 51(5):367-379, 1972.
Trowbridge, J.P., Walker, M. The Yeast Syndrome. Bantam Books. New York, 1986.
Hotopf, Matthew. Seasonal affective disorder, environmental hypersensitivity and somatisation. British Journal of Psychiatry. 164: 246-248, Feb. 1994.
Keith, Sehnert W. Candida-related complex (CRC), a complicating factor in treatment and diagnostic screening for alcoholics: A pilot study of 213 patients. International Journal of Biosocial and Medical Research. 13(1):67-76, 1991.
Rogers, Sherry A. Healing from the inside out: The leaky gut syndrome. Let's Live. 63(4):34-38, Apr 1995.
Neuro-Immunophysiology of the Gastrointestinal Mucosa.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 664, 1992
Shorter, RB. Kirsner, JB. Gastrointestinal Immunity for the Clinician. Grune & Stratton, Inc., Orlando, FL. 1985
Murray, F. Acidophilus fights fungal infections. Better Nutrition for Today's Living. 56(5):54-55, May 1994
Palmer, CA. A yeast for all reasons or is candidiasis the hidden enemy? Nutrition Today. 28(3)24-29, May 1993
Yeast can destroy friendly bacteria.
USA Today: The Magazine of the American Scene. 122(2585):6-7, Feb. 1994
Hentges, David J. Human intestinal microflora in health and disease. Academic Press: NY, 1983
Hill, MJ. Role of gut bacteria in human toxicology and pharmacology. Taylor & Francis: Bristol, PA, 1995.
Rowland, IR. Role of the gut flora in toxicity and cancer. Academic Press:San Diego, 1988
Brostoff, J. Challacombe, SJ. Food Allergy and Intolerance. Bailliere Tindall: Philadelphia.
Winner, HI. Hurley, R. Symposium on Candida Infections. E & S Livingstione LTD: London, 1966
James, J. Warin, RP. An assessment of the role of Candida albicans and food yeasts in chronic urticaria. British Journal of Dermatology. 84:227-237, 1971
Schinfeld, JS. PMS and candidiasis: study explores possible link. The Female Patient. 12:July 1987
Witkin, SS. Defective immune response in patients with recurrent candidiasis. Infections in Medicine. May-June 1985
Resseger, Charles S., D.O. or Norwalk, OH. Conversations with
Giannela, RA. Broitman SA. Zamcheck, N. Influence of gastric acidity on bacterial and parasitic enteric infections: a perspective. Annals of Internal Medicine. 78: 271, 1973
Gordon, JE. Chitkara, ID. Wyon, JB. Weanling diarrhea. American Journal of Medical Science. 245:345, 1963
Mackowiak PA. The Normal Microbial Flora. New England Journal of Medicine. 307:83, 1982
Freter, R. Interactions between mechanisms controlling the intestinal microflora. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 27:1409, 1974
Bartlett, JG. Antibiotic associated pseudomembranous colitis. Rev Infect Dis. 1:123, 1979
Freter, R. Brickner, H. Botney, M. et al. Mechanisms that control bacterial populations in continuous flow culture models of mouse large intestinal flora. Infectious Immunology. 39:676, 1983
Shedlofsky, S. Freter, R. Synergism between ecologic and immunologic control mechanisms of intestinal flora. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 137:661, 1978
Renfro, L. Feder, HM Jr. Lane, TJ. Manu, P. Matthews, DA. Yeast connection among 100 patients with chronic fatigue. American Journal of Medicine. 86(2):165-8, Feb. 1989.
Schlossberg, D. Devig, PM. Travers, H. Kovalcik, PJ Mullen, JT. Bowel perforation with candidiasis. Journal of the American Medical Association. 238(23):2520-1, Dec 5, 1977.
Schwartz, RH. Knerr, RJ. Candida esophagitis during treatemnt for adolescent acne vulgaris. Pediatric Infectious disease. 1(5):374, Sep-Oct, 1982.
Jayagopal, S. Cervia, JS. Colitis due to Candida albicans in a patient with AIDS. Clinical Infectios Diseases. 15(3):555, Sep. 1992.
Minoli G. Terruzzi V. Butti G. Frigerio G. Rossini A. Gastric candidiasis:an endoscopic and histological study in 26 patients. Gastrointestinal endoscopy. 28(2)59-61, 1982.
Tortora, G. Funke, B. Case, C. Microbiology. New York: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, 1995.
Saltarelli, Cora G. Candida albicans: The Pathogenic Fungus. Hemisphere Publishing Company: Philadelphia, 1989.
Segal, Esther; Baum, Gerald L. Pathogenic Yeasts and Yeast Infections. CRC Press: Ann Arbor, 1994.
Jenzer, Martin, M.D. or Rochester, NY. Conversations with.
Nelson, Robert S. Bruni, Hamilton C. Goldstein, Harvey M. Primary gastric candidiasis in uncompromised subjects. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 22:2, 92-94, 1982.
Chan, Stephen, PhD, of SUNY College at Brockport, NY. Conversations with.
Discussions with patients that have been treated with antifungal and diet therapy.

Candida and Psoriasis in Dermatological Disease

Skinner, RB. Jr. Rosenberg, W. Noah, PW. Psoriasis of the palms and soles is frequently associated with oropharyngeal Candida albicans. Acta Dermatological Venereol Supplement. 186:149-150, 1994.
M buslau, Menzel I, Holzmann H. Fungal flora of the human faeces in psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Mycoses. 33:2, 90-4, Feb. 1990.
Soyeur U. Kilic H. Alpan O. Anti-Candida antibody levels in psoriasis vulgaris. Cent. Afr. Journal of Medicaine. 36: 8, 190-2, Aug. 1990.
Baker BS. Powles AV. Malkani AK. Altered call-medicated immunity to group A haemolytic atreptococcal antigens in chronic plaque psoriasis. British Journal of Dermatology. 125: 1, 38-42, Jul 1991.
el-Maghrabi EA. Dixon DM. Burnett JW. Characterization of Candida albicans epidermolytic proteases and their role in yeast-cell adherance to keratinocytes. Clinical Experimental Dermatology. 15: 3, 183-91, May 1990.
Senff H. Bothe C. Busacker J. Reinel D. Studies on the yeast flora in patients suffering from psoriasis capillitii or seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp. Mycoses. 33:1, 29-32, Jan 1990.
Orkin VF. [The characteristics of the clinical picture of candidiasis of the skin and mucous membranes in patients with chronic dermatosis] - Russian. Vrach Delo. 5, 78-80, May 1992.
McKay M. Vulvar dermatoses: common problems in dermatological and gynecological practice. British Journal of Clinical Pract. Sym. Supplement. 71: 5-10, Sep 1990.
Noah PW. The role of microorganisms in psoriasis. Semin Dermatology. 9:4, 269-76, Dec 1990.
Haneke E. Fungal infections of the nail. Semin Dermatology. 10: 1, 41-53, Mar 1991.
Rosenberg, EW. Noah PW. Skinner RB. Microorganisms and psoriasis. Journal of the National Medical Association. 86:4, 305-10, Apr 1994.
Meinhof W. [Intestinal colonization with Candida albicans and its effect on chronic inflammatory dermatoses]-German. Hautarzt. 46:8, 525-7, Aug 1995.
Buslau L. Hanel M. Holzmann H. The significance of yeasts in seborrheic eczemna. Hautarzt. 40(10):611-3, Oct. 1989. - German
Henseler T. [Mucocutaneous candidiasis in patients with skin diseases] - German. Mycoses. 38 Supplement 1:7-13, 1995.
Kemeny L. Ruzicka T. Dobozy A. Michel G. Role of interleukin-8 receptor in skin. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. 104: 4, 317-22, Aug 1994.
Squiquera L. Galimberti R. Morelli L. Plotkin L. Milicich R. Kowalckzuk A. Leoni J. Antibodies to proteins from Pityrosporum ovale in the sera from patients with psoriasis. Clinical Experimental Dermatology. 19: 4, 289-93, Jul 1994.
Oranje AP. Dzoljic-Danilovic G. Michel MF. Aarsen RS. van Joost, T. [Is juvenile seborrheic dermatitis a candidiasis? Studies of a possible link with microbial infections.] - German Tijdschrift voor Kindergeneeskunde. 55(3):87-92, Jul 1987.

Candida and Diarrhea

Burke, V., Gracey, M. An experimental model of gastrointestinal candidiasis Journal of Medical Microbiology. 13:103-110.
Gupta, T., Ehrinpreis, M. Candida-associated diarrhea in hospitalized patients. Gastroenterology. 98:780-785, 1990.
Danna, P., Urban, C., Bellin, E., Rahal, J. Role of candida in pathogenesis of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea in elderly inpatients. The Lancet. 337:511-514, 1991.
Bishop, R., Barnes, G. Depression of lactase acitivity in the small intestines of infant rabbits by Candida albicans.
Kane, J., Chretien, J., Garagusi, V. Diarrhoea caused by Candida The Lancet. 335-336, 1976. (Immunocompetent).
Garagusi, VF. Chretien, JH. Diarrhoea caused by Candida.(letter) Lancet. 1(7961):697-8, Mar 27, 1976.
Letter in Lancet in response. Enweani IB. Obi CL. Jokpeyibo M. Prevalence of Candida species in Nigerian children with diarrhoea. J.Diarrhoeal Dis Res 12(2):133-5, Jun, 1994.
Gut flora in normal and disordered states.
Chemotherapy. 5-15, 1995.
Vogel LC. Antibiotic-induced diarrhea. Orthop Nurs 14(2): 38-41, Mar-Apr, 1995.
Koffi-Akoua G. Ferly-Therizol M. Kouassi-Beugre MT. Konan A. Timite AM. Assi Adou J. Assale G. [Cryptosporidium and candida in pediatric diarrhea in Abidjan.] Bull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales 82(4): 451-7, , 1989.
Ngan PK. Khanh NG. Tuong CV. Quy PP. Anh DN. Thuy HT. Persistent diarrhea in Vietnamese children: a preliminary report. Acta Paediatric Supplement. 381: 124-6, Sep, 1992.
Siregar CD. Sinuhaji AB. Sutanto AH. Spectrum of digestive tract diseases 1985-1987 at the Pediatric Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinic of Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital, Medan. Paediatr Indones. 30(5-6): 133-8, May-Jun, 1990.
Talwar P. Chakrabarti A. Chawla A. Mehta S. Walia BN. Kumar L. Chugh KS. Fungal diarrhoea: association of different fungi and seasonal variation in their incidence. Mycopathologia. 110(2): 101-5, May, 1990.
Omoike IU. Abiodun PO. Upper small intestinal microflora in diarrhea and malnutrition in Nigerian children. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterolog Nutrition 9(3): 314-21, Oct, 1989.


Hirschel B. [AIDS and gastrointestinal tract: a summary for gastroenterologists and surgeons] Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 120(14): 475-84, Apr 7, 1990.
Gage TP. Eagan J. Gagnier M. Diverticulitis complicated by candidal pylephlebitis. South Med. Journal 78(10): 1265-6, Oct, 1985.
Caselli M. Trevisani L. Bighi S. Aleotti A. Balboni PG. Gaiani R. Bovolenta MR. Stabellini G. Dead fecal yeasts and chronic diarrhea. Digestion. 41(3): 142-8, 1988.
Zhen DL. [Analysis of the causative organisms in adult acute infectious diarrhea encountered in the past 12 years]. Chung Hua Nei Ko Tsa Chih 21(9): 540-2, Sep, 1982.
Lorenz A. Grutte FK. Schon E. Muller B. Klimmt G. [Fungal infection of the small bowel mucosa.] Mykosen. 27(10): 506-10, Oct, 1984.

Candida and Antibiotics

[Clinical evaluation of a new oral penem, SY5555, in the pediatric field.] Japanese Journal of Antibiotics. 41-8, Jan, 1995.
Elmer GW. Surawicz CM. McFarland LV. Biotherapeutic agents: A neglected modality for the treatment and prevention of selected intestinal and vaginal infections. Journal of the American Medical Association. 275(11): 870-6, Mar 20, 1996.